Zaman Khan bridge is located in Saman city, 22 km north of Shahrekord, the capital of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province.
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province with an area of nearly 16,533 square kilometers is located in the Zagros Mountains, adjacent to the provinces of Isfahan, Khuzestan, Kohkiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad with a population of over one million people. Two fertile life-generating sources in this province, namely Karun and Zayandehrud rivers, have turned a large territory of the province into summer resorts with eye-catching nature.
The province is divided into 7 counties of Shahrekord, Borujen, Lordegan, Farsan, Ardal, Koohrang and Kiar, with Shahrekord as the capital that has a height of about 2060 meters above sea level on the plateau of Iran. The distinctive feature of the province is its pristine and beautiful nature, which includes wetlands, lofty peaks always covered with snow, flowing springs, forest and green areas, historical buildings, etc., which make the province a unique area with tourist attractions.
One of the customs of the people living in Shahrekord is the cheragh baran ritual. Every year, at the time of New Year, the locals come with an oil lamp or a candle to either of the two shrines of Halimeh and Hakimeh Khatoon to ask Sayyid (those believed to be the descendants of prophet Muhammad) to light their candle or lamp to bring them good luck at the beginning of the year. Ashkenoon ceremony is another custom of Shahrekord which is held by the bride and groom's family after accepting the engagement. In this ceremony, which sometimes lasts even a few days, women celebrate with handkerchiefs and men with sticks; at the end of the ceremony, a wedding sermon is given. In Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, various dances are performed during celebrations and festivals, the most famous of which are wedding dance, Dastmal (handkerchief ) dance, and sculpture dance.Chogha or Chokha is the nomadic men's fabric, which is sewn from fleece with white and black colors; this pattern is said to have been taken from the Choghaznabil ziggurat while others believe that it originates from the tomb of Cyrus the Achaemenid. This top has short sleeves and its height reaches below the knees with a weaving technique similar to a kilim. Due to its density, this material partially prevents the rainwater penetration.
Curd, cranberries, honey, high-quality turmeric, medicinal plants, and a kind of valuable handmade carpet called Bibi Baf are the famous souvenirs of Shahrekord. Kilim, jajim and felt hat are also considered as important handicrafts of Shahrekord. Bakhtiari local dress is a style of comfortable and beautiful clothing that is unique in its kind. Bakhtiari women wear colorful clothes at weddings, daily life and various rituals.This dress with ornaments of nomadic women has a significant variety and multiple functions.
The most important pilgrimage, historical, tourist and natural attractions of this province include the holy shrines such as Hazrat Imamzadeh Halimeh Khatoon and Hakimeh Khatoon, Hazrat Imamzadeh Seyyed Bahauddin Mohammad Sheikh Shaban, and Hazrat Imamzadeh Seyyed Mohammad Bardeh, etc. The beautiful scene of Zayandeh rud River, Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari Palace, attractive Karun River, Archaeological and Anthropological Museums, Chaleshtar Historical Castle, Chaleshtar Azadeh House, Dezak Castle, Zaman Khan Bridge, Reverse Tulips Plain, Choghakhor International Wetland, Gandoman Wetland, Koohrang Waterfall, Koohrang Spring, Sheikh Alikhan Waterfall, Darreh Eshgh Waterfall, Atashgah Waterfall, Chama Ice Cave, Sarab Cave, Dimeh Spring, Baram Spring, etc. can be named as attractions for this province.
Koohrang Fritillaries plain with an area of about 3600 hectares is located near the city of Chelgard in Koohrang city in the northwest of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. The Fritillaries, which is called "Gol-e Begrio" in the native dialect, is from the order of lilies.
Chaleshtor Castle, which is a magnificent structure in terms of architecture and sculptural art in Iran, is located five kilometers west of Shahr-e kord. The castle is a combination of Qajar and European architecture.
Choghakhor lagoon is located in the eastern part of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province in Borujen city. This wetland with an area of 2300 km is located at an altitude of 2100 meters in the Central Zagros and at the hillside of Mount Kelar.
The palace of Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari, also known as the historic castle of Junqan, is located in the city of Junqan in Farsan city in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. The castle was built in the late Qajar period by Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari, at the summer residence of his father Hossein Qoli Khan Bakhtiari. He was one of the educated heads of Bakhtiari constitutionalists and the commander of the victors of Tehran during the constitutional revolution in Iran. It is said that Sardar Asaad built this palace with the aim of establishing trade agreements with Britain, as well as the supervision of Bakhtiari houses on the implementation of these agreements and the planning and decision-making of the Constitutional Revolution.
Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari Palace which was built based on European style was registered in national sites list in 1977.
Architecture of Junqan historical castle
Junqan historical castle which was influence by European castle was built in two floors. The upper floor, also known as the royal residence, has a porch with stone columns on three sides: north, south and east. In each of the north, south and east porches, there are six double columns. These columns are decorated with carvings of geometric patterns and multi-colored flowers. The western side of the porch also has no columns and is a uniform wall with simple brickwork.Inside the building of Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari palace, plaster and mirror decorations have been used and its gable roof has been covered with wooden boards. The wooden doors of the building are also decorated with mosaics and metalwork with beautiful designs. The basement was built at a depth of one meter from the floor and was probably used by servants. The decoration of the rooms on this floor is limited to simple plastering on the ceiling.It is said that the courtyard of this palace was more extensive in the past and there were large gardens around it which were destroyed due to changes and constructions around it. Now, from the historical castle of Junqan, a beautiful portico, a large swimming pool and a building with a luxurious emperor remain. This building is one of the prominent attractions of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Those of you who are interested can visit this attraction by participating in group tours of Persian trips Tourism group.
Koohrang spring or the source of Koohrang, which is the source of two rivers Karun and Zayandehrud, is located in Koohrang city. This spring, which originates from the foothills of Zardkooh mountain range,