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Golestan Province


Persians are divided into native and immigrant groups. Indigenous Persians mostly speak Gorgani, Katoli and Mazandarani dialects. Immigrants to the province are mostly Sistani, Baluch, Semnani and Khorasani. People speaking Persian mostly inhabit in the center and south of the province; Mazandarani people live in the villages in the western part of the province. Azeris live in Gonbad-e Qabus city and kazaks mostly live in Gorgan. Turkmens who live in the eastern, central and northern parts of the province are Sunni and speak the Turkmen language.


Golestan province is located in the northern part of the country; this province shares border with Turkmenistan in the north, Semnan in the south, North Khorasan in the east and Mazandaran and The Caspian Sea in the west. The population of Golestan province, according to the results of the general population and housing census in 2016, is one million 868 thousand 819 people. Numerous ethnic groups live in the province, including Turkmen, Persian speakers, Sistani, Baluchis, Turks (Azerbaijanis and Ghezelbash), Mazandaranis, and Kazaks.



Golestan province is known as the rainbow of the Iranian tribes due to its ethnic diversity. Different ethnicities live with different customs in this land, so the local clothes of this land are colorful. Nowruz Khani and Ghashogh Zani are among the customs of this region. Turkmen women wear shoes such as crocheted shoes, quilted shoes with high toes and high heels. In addition to ethnicities, each city has its own clothes.

Handicrafts and Food

Silk weaving, Turkmen carpets and Turkmen ornaments are among the most important handicrafts in Golestan province. Amaj halva, paderazi bread and ginger bread, which are registered on the list of national monuments as cultural heritage, are among the famous souvenirs of this province. Chekdermeh and Heli Ash are among the local dishes of this region.

Tourist Attractions

Golestan, the land of beautiful waterfalls, has historical and natural attractions, which is why it has a high capacity to attract tourists. Galikesh National Park, Cheshmeh Gol Ramian, Gonbad-e Qabus Tower, Shast Kola Forest, Tuskestan Forest, Shast Kalateh Waterfall, Alangdareh Forest Park, Jahan Nama Protected Area in the southeast of Kordkoy, Loh Waterfall, Shirabad Ramyan Waterfalls, Kaboudwal Waterfall, Rango Waterfall, Gorgan Forest and Waterfall, international wetlands of Alagol, Almagol, Aji Gol and Gomishan in Turkmen Sahara plain near the border of Iran and Turkmenistan, Ashuradeh Island of Bandar-e Turkmen are some of the attractions. We can also name Drazno village in Kordkoy, Afratakhteh villag, Museum Palace, Gorgan Mosque, Gorgan shoemakers’ market, Gorgan Emadiyeh school, Aghgahla historical bridge, Gorgan Great Wall, Gonbad-e Qabus Hill, Amir Latifi House, Taqavi House and Khalid Nabi Complex.

Tags: Golestan province, Damghan Tarikhaneh Mosque, Golestan Attractions, Alangdareh Forest, National Parks in Iran

Khalid Nabi complex

Khalid Nabi complex

Khalid Nabi complex is located 90 km from Gonbad Kavous city and 55 km from Kalaleh city near Gachiso village in Golestan province. Khalid Nabi complex consists of several tombs and cemeteries with strange tombstones.

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Gonbad-e Qabus tower

Gonbad-e Qabus (tower

Gonbad-e Qabus building was built on the Gorgan-khorasan’s road by Abol-Hasan Qābūs ibn Wušmagīr ibn Ziyar Sams al-maʿālī in late fourth AH. This building is known as Qaboos Dome or Mill Dome.

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