A reflection of the Ottoman mosques and the Golden Age of Islam in Egypt, a reflection of the acme of Iranian-Islamic art and architecture, and a colorful building with a combination of tradition and modernism; all these lead us to the Jameh Mosque of Shafei in Kermanshah (for Sunni Muslims of Iran).
Kermanshah, 200 km far from the Iran-Iraqi border, is known as the communication path between East and West. According to the latest census of Kermanshah Province, it has a population of 946,651 people. Kermanshah has a long list of local dishes, with rib kebab at the top of this list cooked with mutton ribs, onion, garlic, black pepper, sumac, tomato paste, lemon, and parsley. Khoresht-e Khalal is also one of the local dishes of this province, definitely served at important and official parties. This stew in Kermanshah is prepared with mutton, sliced almonds, black barberry and saffron. Abbas Ali's soup should not be forgotten either; a complete and nutritious meal prepared with beef.
With an area of 25,000 square kilometers, Kermanshah occupies 1.5% of the total area of the country and has 14 cities called Islamabad Gharb, Sarpol Zahab, Songhor, Harsin, Kangavar, Javanrood, Sahneh, Paveh, Gilangharb, Ravansar, Dalahou, Ghasre Shirirn and Salals baba jani. Located in the western part of Iran, Kermanshah is home to a part of Zagros Mountain range. Zagros mountains in this region include Biston Mountain, Atashgah Mountain, Parva Mountain, Farokhshad Mountain, Se Kal Mountain, Kharaman Mountain, Dalakhani Mountain, Dalahu Mountain, Sefid kuh, Shavdalan, Baluch Mountain, Shahu Mountain, Makvan Mountain and Miuleh Mountain.
In Kermanshah, Kurds of the southern regions near Iraq border use special words and expressions for clothing. Therefore, women's clothing is not only known as Keras, but also as "Karvas", "shev" and "shoy". The dress that a Kurdish woman wears in Kermanshah varies in different regions according to the geographical location. Women's clothing in this area consists of headbands, underwear, shirts, vests, bodysuits, robes, long garment, pants and shoes. Kurdish men's clothing in the regions of Kurdistan, Kermanshah and West Azerbaijan consists of sweatshirt, hat, headband, shirt, coat, postak, pants, socks, shoes, waist scarf.
One of the customs in Kermanshah is the celebration of Nowruz, which is very important for the people of this province. Khane tekani (cleaning the house before Nowruz), lighting a fire, setting Haftsin and baking local sweets with the aroma and flavor of Kermanshah oil to be placed on Haftsin table are among the customs to welcome spring. Going to a new bride's house with the title "New Eid" is another custom of the people of Kermanshah. On the first day of spring, the groom's family prepares gifts for their newlyweds and goes to the bride's parents' house to celebrate Eid.
Handicraft and Food
It can be said that the most famous souvenir of Kermanshah is its sweets like Nan berenji (rice bread) and date bread. Kermanshah animal fat is another souvenir of this region. Kermanshah handicrafts include kilim weaving, quilt weaving, jajim weaving and traditional instrument making. Seven-color tiles, mosaics, and stone cutting are all handicrafts of Islamabad. The city of Dalahou is also known for its knife-making, metalworking, and traditional musical instruments such as Tanbur and Setar . In Paveh, fabric weaving, textile and basket weaving are also flourishing.
This province has many natural and historical attractions. Piran vise Castle, Baba Yadegar Tomb, Bisotun Historical Complex, Taq Bostan, Chahar Qapo Four Rooms, Yazdgerd Castle, Sassanid Palace, Qasr-e shirin Palace, Ishaqvand Tomb, Sorkh Deh Tomb, Hercules Statue, Emad Al-Dowleh Mosque, Anahita Shrine, Gudeh Inscription, Dakan Davood, Abbasi caravanserai, Sarab Sahneh, Madhya crypt, Chalabad, Hojir, ancient city of Kambaden, Kuh-e-Nova, Abu Jajah tomb, Naqsh Atobani Ney, Bezrud castle, Kikavous rock tomb, Qahla Hojir, Marwan castle, Paul Marj bridge Miyan Rahan, Noji Varan Bridge, Ho Chi Ho Chi Palace, Khosravi Mansion, Shapur Palace, Sefeh Madi, Biston Castle, Khosrow Bridge, Naghsh-e-Volgash, Naghsh Miter Yadat Ashkani, Faratash, Sang-e Sangi, Parti Temple are some of importanr places in this province.
Chamchal Ancient City, Hassan Khan Bath, Qala Sari Aslan, Cheshmeh Hendiabad, Chahar Ghapi Fire Temple, Chia Jani Hill, Varkini Shelter, Mill Hill, Ganj Darreh Hill, Yuan Shelter, Armenian Church, Feyzabad Caravanserai, Khajeh Baroukh House, Rijab, Ratil Cave, Tavleh Cave, Tayleh Cave, Kavat, Ghori Qaleh Cave, Varvasi Cave, Niloufar Mirage, Piran Waterfall and Mirage, Ravansar Mirage, Cheshmeh Sarab Cave, Heshilan Wetland, and Asangaran Cave are among the historical and natural attractions in Kermanshah.
Tekiyeh Moaven Al-molk (a place where Shiite Muslims gather to mourn muharram) is one of the magnificent and beautiful works of Kermanshah that has remained a relic from Qajar dynasty. This reliance has once hosted many ceremonies.
Kangavar Anahita Temple is one of the buildings related to pre-Islamic historical periods in Iran, about which various archaeological researches have been done so far.
Taq Bostan is a historical complex in Kermanshah province and belongs to the Sassanid period. This building has beautiful sculptures located in the heart of the mountains and encloses one of the most important and valuable written documents of antiquity.
Kermanshah Taq-e Gara is located in Patagh between Kermanshah and Sarpol-e Zahab and due to its location and history, it receives a lot of tourists every year.
Bisotun Historical Site in Kermanshah Province is one of the most special historical areas in the world because it has maintained its importance from prehistoric times to the Safavid era.