Have you ever seen a 60 million year old creature? Chal Nakhjir Cave in Markazi province is a living cave from the Paleocene era, which still continues to grow as it is quickly restored and repaired if a crack occurs in its limestone structure. More than 96% of the cave is limestone and the rest is stone.
This province is culturally and religiously important because it is the birthplace of great scholars, Poets, mystics, politicians and great people such as Imam Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Professor Mahmoud Hesabi, Mirza Taghi Khan Amirkabir, Mullah Ahmad Naraqi, Adib al-Mamalik Farahani and others. Most people in Markazi speak Persian; Turkish language is also common in most villages around Arak, Sarband and Saveh. In Delijan, people speak Raji language, which is rooted in the languages and words of the Median period.
Markazi province, with Arak as the capital, is located in the center of Iran. Arak is known as the industrial capital of Iran, one of the metropolises of Iran, and one of the largest western cities with an area of 29126 square kilometers and a population of 1413958 people. According to the latest national divisions, this province is divided into 12 cities including Arak, Ashtian, Saveh, Zarandieh, Khomein, Shazand, Komijan, Tafresh, Khondab, Delijan, Mahallat, and Farahan.
Many ceremonies are held on different occasions in the cities and villages of Markazi province, some of which are ceremonies of khorheh village, and the celebration of the first winter snow that is held in most cities of the province; Tafresh rain-seeking rituals and Nim Var Bil Gardani, a kind of heroic celebrations going back to the agricultural season in spring, are other local ceremonies in the province. People in Nim Var hold a traditional celebration with a heroic atmosphere registered on the list of Iran's spiritual heritage.
Handicrafts and Food
Regarding handicrafts, it should be mentioned that the handmade carpets of Markazi province, Saveh kilim, which dates back to the Safavid era, copper smithing, embossing, dyeing, embroidery, wood carving, inlay, mosaic, carpentry and sculpture are among the handicrafts that are popular in this province. Among the souvenirs of this province, except for handicrafts,Fatir bread and Saveh pomegranate are in the first place. Arak Gush fil, Sarooq carpet, Jozghand (traditional Naragh pastry), Hazaveh village grapes, Sanjan giweh, Khomein high quality honey and finally local flowers are the best souvenirs that can be remembered from Markazi province.
This province has a high potential in the production of flowers and plants. Mahallat, which is the center of these flowers and plants, is one of the sightseeing centers of this province. Arak Miqan Wetland, Arak Hassanpour House, Arak Four Seasons Historical Bathhouse, Arak Historical Bazaar, Saveh Grand Mosque, Arak Shahid Bahonar Zoo and Forest Park, Khorheh Archaeological Site, Delijan Nakhjir Cave, Hazaveh Village can be mentioned as some of the tourist attractions of this province. Teymareh Prehistoric Petroglyphs, the tomb of Professor Hesabi in Tafresh, the historical village of Anjedan in Arak, Sefid Khani Cave in Arak (Ain Ho) and the archeological site of Dotapeh Shazand are good destinations for people who love both nature and historical places.
Among the dynasties of ancient Iran, the Parthians and Seleucids have fewer sites than the Sasanians and Achaemenids, with very limited number in Iran. One of them, which some attribute to the Seleucid era and others to the Parthian era, is Khorheh Temple in Markazi province. Let's take a look at the hidden history of Iran.
Arak Miqan wetland, known as desert wetland, is one of the important centers of nature tourism and bird watching in 15 km northeast of Arak and southwest of Davood Abad.
The remains of Atashkooh fire temple in Markazi province is undoubtedly one of the most important remnants of antiquity in the ancient land of Iran. This ancient structure was built in five kilometers of Nimour road,