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Semnan Province


Semnan province is located in the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountain range; the altitude of the province decreases from north to south, resulting in the desert plain. This province, with an area of about 96,000 square kilometers, occupies 5.6% of the country's area. In addition to Persians, the most important tribes living in Semnan province are Turks, Arabs, Tabariha, Lors, Kurds and Gilakis. Among the tribes settled in Semnan province, Sangsaryi, Parviri, and the native tribes of the province who have come to this land in the past in pre- Islamic era have settled here. Other groups, such as the Elikai tribes, Osanloo, Hadavand, Arab Darazi and Kati migrated to this area during the reign of rulers and sultans in order to create a barrier for the eastern and southern regions of the country from repeated invasions by Turkmen cavalry. Except the residents of Sangsar and Ivanki who speak Sangsari and Tati languages, most residents of Semnan speak Persian. Semnani language, which is the most indigenous language of the province, has given its place almost to Persian, but its different types are still common in many cities and villages such as Mahdishahr, Sorkheh or Lasjerd.


Semnan shares border with Mazandaran in the north, Isfahan in the south, Khorasan in the east and Tehran in the west. The adjacency to the Alborz Mountain range and the flat lands of the desert has created various climatic conditions for this province in a way that the southern part has hot and dry climate, the central regions are temperate, the northeastern part has a cold and dry climate, and the northern part is relatively cold. This climatic diversity has also created diverse vegetation in this province. This province, with the city of Semnan as the capital, has eight cities including Semnan, Shahroud, Damghan, Garmsar, Mahdishahr, Miami and Aradan and Sorkheh.


The people of Semnan, like the people of other parts of Iran, have their own customs and traditions, all of which are rooted in the cultural history, geographical and climatic conditions and lifestyle of its inhabitants. These customs show themselves in various ceremonies and rituals such as Eid-e Nowruz (new year), mourning ceremonies, Ramadan, etc.


Handicrafts of this province include various types of art such as mosaics, inlays, porcelain knots, wooden volumes, metal sculptures, iron figures, delicate hand-woven silk, traditional and colored handkerchiefs, the method of calligraphy, gilding of gold, kilim, Jajim, pottery, felt, etc. They are all among the handicrafts of Semnan province, representing the art of the people living in this region.

Tourist Attractions

Semnan has a great variety of attractions and a collection of valuable historical monuments, picturesque nature and desert. Arg Gate, Grand Mosque, Cheshmeh Gholghol, Jangal abr (Cloud Forest), Cheshmeh Ali Mansion, Ahovan, Bastam Complex, Rudbarak Forest, Kalpoosh Sunflower Plain, Rezaabad, Turan National Park, Chehel Dokhtaran (Forty Girls) Tower, Martian Hills are some of the attractions in this province.

Tags: semnan province, Semna Attractions, Bastam Complex, Turan National Park, Martian Hills

Opert Ridge

If you want to see a blurring border between cold and heat, desert and forest, or rain and scorching sun, the best place is Opert summer resort, located between the two provinces of Semnan and Mazandaran. Oppert is actually the name of a village near this mountain, so far not much research has been done on the history of its name. But in the following, in addition to expressing the natural features, the origin of the name “Opert” is also examined.

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Garmsar salt mine

Garmsar salt mine is one of the huge and extraordinary salt mines in Iran, which is located in Semnan province. In general, Garmsar region has the largest salt mines and tunnels in the Middle East.

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Padeh historical village in Aradan Semnan

Padeh village in Semnan is located four kilometers northeast of Aradan city. Padeh village is located in a desert region with a semi-desert climate. The climate of this village is hot in summer and cold in winter, so the best time to visit Padeh village is spring and autumn.

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