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Qom Province

Qom province is the smallest province, with only one county, in Iran after Alborz province in terms of area. The cities of Qom and Salafchegan are the most important cities in the province; the most famous villages of Qom are Fordo, Vashnooh, Khaveh and Karamajgan. Qom province has a special and sensitive position due to the presence of Fatima Masoumeh holy shrine and Qom Seminary. The language of the people living in Qom has long been Persian with Qomi dialect, which is today close to the Persian dialect of Tehran. Many people also speak Azerbaijani Turkish with a variety of accents. Arabic is also spoken in parts of Qom with Iraqi accent. Lori Bakhtiari and Kurdish are also spoken in the province.

Geography

Qom, with the city of Qom as the capital, is located in the center of Iran sharing a border with Tehran in the south, Isfahan in the north, Markazi in the east and Semnan in the west. The province is located in an arid and semi-arid region with a hot and dry climate. The southern and western regions of the province have a mountainous climate while the eastern, central and northern regions of the province have vast deserts, the largest of which is the Masile plain.

 

Customs 

Among the ceremonies and traditions that are performed in this province, we can refer to the anniversary celebrating the arrival of Fatima Masoumeh from Saveh to Qom. Back then, people along with Musa ibn Khazraj, one of the elders of Qom who was holding Fatima Masoumeh’s camel went to the entrance of the city to greet Fatima Masoumeh. Every year, the people of Qom and those working in Fatemeh Masoumeh shrine celebrate this day by symbolically greeting her on this day. Laleh gardani (tulip showing) ceremony or candle-lighting ceremony in Fatemeh Masoumeh shrine is another traditional ceremony performed by the staff of the shrine. Sar derakhti ceremonies are held in early spring in villages in the south of the province to protect gardens from the cold. Locals purchase cattle; then a green handkerchief is tied around the cow's neck and it is shown in the villages. The cow is sacrificed in Imam Zadeh or a holy place and its meat is cooked and distributed among people.

Handicrafts and Food

Among the special traditional arts that are common in Qom, we can mention tiling, brick work, inlay work and carpet weaving. Qom local clothing has been used more in the past. In the villages, women wore knee-length dresses, usually white and floral, with trousers underneath. Their clothes had two pockets sewn around them. Women always wore Charghad (white scarves) even in the house. Charghad was folded into a triangle and placed on the head. To fasten it, it was either tied or attached with a pin. If they had money with them, they would tie it in the corner of Charghad.
The most famous traditional food in Qom is Qanbid broth, cooked with local cabbage of Qom and Qanbid plant. Other foods of this city are Kaljoosh, Sesame Halva, cookie and Sohan (brittle toffee).

Tourist Attractions

The holy shrine of Fatemeh Masoumeh, Imamzadeh Ali Ibn Jafar, Imamzadeh Masoomeh, the Grand Mosque, Feyzieh School, the house of Imam Khomeini, the tombs of Green Dome-Garden are among the pilgrimage and religious centers of this region. Kavir National Park, Namak Lake, Hoz Sultan Lake, Kahak Summer Area, Kabar Dam, Haj Asgarkhan Bath, Khezr Mountain, Yazdan Panah House, Mulla Sadra House, Bazaar, etc. are other attractions of this province.

Tags: Hoz-e Soltan salt lake, Attractions of Qom province, Qom Province, Fatima Masoumeh Shrine, historical houses in Qom, Sohan

Kūh-e Namak of Qom

Kūh-e Namak of Qom:Everyone knows the city of Qom because of its religious tourism attractions. But 20 kilometers west of Qom, you can see a natural phenomenon that is considered the most special of its kind in the world. The salt dome of Qom, which is also known as Kūh-e Namak (Salt Mountain), has formed a group of mountains 3  kilometers long and in the shape of a circle with a lifespan of more than 100  million years, which surprises the visitors.

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Hoz-e Soltan salt lake

Hoz-e Soltan Qom salt lake is one of the most important lakes in the central part of Iran, whose size and shape vary according to the amount of rainfall and water inflow in different seasons. When it rains and the snow melts in the surrounding highlands, as the amount of incoming water is increased, the area of the lake increases and in other days, its area decreases. Thus, the water level of the lake is constantly changing.

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